A pontic exerting too much pressure against the ridge will cause
1. fracture of the solder joints.
2. hypertrophy of the soft tissue.
3. crazing of the gingival portion of the porcelain.
4. resorption of the alveolar bone.

All of the above.

(4) only

(1) and (3)

(1) (2) (3)

(2) and (4)